When Pandaros who wounded Menelaos wounds Diomedes, the valiant Achaian soldier appeals to Athena for aid. She answers him by giving him additional courage, plus the privilege of being able to distinguish gods from men.
Diomedes prays to Athena for revenge, and the goddess endows him with superhuman strength and the extraordinary power to discern gods on the field of battle.
She warns him, however, not to challenge any of them except Aphrodite. Diomedes fights like a man possessed, slaughtering all Trojans he meets.
Apollo, issuing a stern warning to Diomedes, effortlessly pushes him aside and whisks Aeneas off of the field. He also rouses Ares, god of war, to fight on the Trojan side.
With the help of the gods, the Trojans begin to take the upper hand in battle. Hector and Ares prove too much for the Achaeans; the sight of a hero and god battling side by side frightens even Diomedes.
The Trojan Sarpedon kills the Achaean Tlepolemus. Odysseus responds by slaughtering entire lines of Trojans, but Hector cuts down still more Greeks.
Hera rallies the rest of the Achaean troops, while Athena encourages Diomedes. She withdraws her earlier injunction not to attack any of the gods except Aphrodite and even jumps in the chariot with him to challenge Ares. The divinely driven chariot charges Ares, and, in the seismic collision that follows, Diomedes wounds Ares.
Ares immediately flies to Mount Olympus and complains to Zeus, but Zeus counters that Ares deserved his injury. Athena and Hera also depart the scene of the battle.
Book 6 With the gods absent, the Achaean forces again overwhelm the Trojans, who draw back toward the city. Menelaus considers accepting a ransom in return for the life of Adrestus, a Trojan he has subdued, but Agamemnon persuades him to kill the man outright.
Nestor senses the Trojans weakening and urges the Achaeans not to bother stripping their fallen enemies of their weapons but to focus instead on killing as many as possible while they still have the upper hand.
The Trojans anticipate downfall, and the soothsayer Helenus urges Hector to return to Troy to ask his mother, Queen Hecuba, along with her noblewomen, to pray for mercy at the temple of Athena. He then visits his brother Paris, who has withdrawn from battle, claiming he is too grief-stricken to participate.
Hector and Helen heap scorn on him for not fighting, and at last he arms himself and returns to battle. Hector also prepares to return but first visits his wife, Andromache, whom he finds nursing their son Astyanax by the walls of the city. As she cradles the child, she anxiously watches the struggle in the plain below.
Andromache begs Hector not to go back, but he insists that he cannot escape his fate, whatever it may be. Andromache, convinced that he will soon die, begins to mourn his death.
Hector meets Paris on his way out of the city, and the brothers prepare to rejoin the battle. Even with divine help, Diomedes cannot quite provide the force that Achilles did. As potent as the rage that Achilles feels toward Agamemnon is his ability to intimidate the Trojans.
Homer communicates the scope and intensity of the battle with long descriptive passages of mass slaughter, yet he intersperses these descriptions with intimate characterization, thereby personalizing the violence.
Homer often fleshes out the characters being killed by telling stories about their backgrounds or upbringings. He uses this technique, for instance, when, after Aeneas fells Orsilochus and Crethon midway through Book 5, he recounts the story of how these twins joined up with the Achaean ranks.
Furthermore, Homer often alternates between depictions of Trojan and Achaean deaths, sometimes rendering the victor of the first exchange the victim of the next.
In this way, he injects a sense of rhythm into what would otherwise be a numbing litany of mass destruction. The battle narratives also give Homer the chance to comment on the similarities and differences between the mortals and the gods.
For while the mortals engage in their armed warfare, the gods engage in their own squabbles. Invariably, the latter conflicts appear less serious, more frivolous, and almost petty. The gods base their support for one side or the other not on principle but on which heroes they happen to favor.
They scheme or make pacts to help one another but often fail to honor these pacts. Ares, for example, though having vowed to support the Achaeans, fights alongside the Trojans throughout Books 5 and 6. In contrast with the glorious tragedy of the human conflict, the conflict between the gods has the feel of a dysfunctional family feud.Aug 09, · Diomedes fights the gods - Book 5 - The gods and their proxy battles Previous Books A brief summary of the general themes.
The Rage of Achilles - Book 1 that's why she asks his permission to fight Ares. Zeus then allows Athena to fight Ares. Athena then wants Diomedes to fight Ares, which he refuses as he does not want to fight.
The mythology of ancient Greece and Rome is the Older Than Feudalism namer of many tropes, in addition to well-known gods, heroes and leslutinsduphoenix.com important element of Ancient Greece, The Roman Republic and The Roman Empire.. Classical mythology is sometimes referred to as "Greek Mythology" by people who don't think the Romans contributed much or take the two mythologies separately.
Analysis: The gods choose champions, but their decisions are not arbitrary.
The will of the gods in this case has something to do with the characters of mortals. Diomedes is the chosen champion of Athena; he is not beloved for nothing, but because he is a strong warrior, faithful to .
Diomedes. BACK; NEXT ; Character Analysis. Diomedes is a very important member of the Achaian army who just can't seem to get any credit. Poor dude.
When you use a browser, like Chrome, it saves some information from websites in its cache and cookies. Clearing them fixes certain problems, like loading or formatting issues on sites. The goddess also gives Diomedes the power to see the gods on the battlefield. She instructs him to keep clear of the other gods, except for one: if he sees Aphrodite, he should attack her with his spear.