Public Domain "It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.
Although he had no solid proof, he presumed that the languages of countries under dictatorships, such as the Soviet Union or Germany, had deteriorated under their respective regimes. Here is the very concept behind the invention of Newspeak.
To illustrate this idea that language can corrupt thought and that totalitarian systems use language to restrict, rather than broaden, ideas, Orwell created Newspeak, the official language of Oceania. Without a word for freedom, for example, the concept of freedom cannot exist.
In his Appendix, Orwell explains the syntactical arrangement and the etymology of the Newspeak.
A living language, such as English, one that has the capability of diverse expression, has the tendency to gain words and therefore broaden the awareness and knowledge of its speakers.
Newspeak, on the other hand, loses words, by removing words that represent opposing concepts. Therefore, for example, because the word "good" presumes the opposite of "bad," the word "bad" is unnecessary.
Similarly, all degrees of "goodness" can be expressed simply by adding standard prefixes and suffixes to this one root word: In so doing, Newspeak not only eliminates "unnecessary" words, but it also promotes a narrowing of thought and, therefore, awareness.
The idea behind Newspeak is that, as language must become less expressive, the mind is more easily controlled. Through his creation and explanation of Newspeak, Orwell warns the reader that a government that creates the language and mandates how it is used can control the minds of its citizens.The Principles Of Newspeak By George Orwell.
By George Orwell Questions Jayson Papa 1. Re read pages and describe the setting/atmosphere in your own words The first few chapters of are devoted to introducing the major characters and themes of the novel. These chapters also acquaint the reader with the harsh and oppressive world in which, Winston Smith lives in.
Newspeak was the official language of Oceania and had been devised to meet the ideological needs of Ingsoc, or English Socialism. In the year there was not as yet anyone who used Newspeak as his sole means of communication, either in speech or writing. The popular depiction for the word Reactionary gives the definition - an extreme conservative; an opponent of progress or liberalism.
A more in-depth amplification is once again found in Wikipedia. “Reactionary (or reactionist) is a political epithet typically applied to extreme ideological. Evolution as Fact and Theory. by Stephen Jay Gould. irtley Mather, who died last year at age ninety, was a pillar of both science and Christian religion in .
, George Orwell’s bleakly dystopian novel about the dangers of totalitarianism, warns against a world governed by propaganda, surveillance, and leslutinsduphoenix.com, Orwellian phrases like “Big Brother” and “doublespeak” have become common expressions.
Read a character analysis of Winston Smith, plot summary, and important quotes. In Observer editor David Astor lent George Orwell a remote Scottish farmhouse in which to write his new book, Nineteen Eighty-Four. It became one of the most significant novels of the 20th.