See, part of my brain is completely A-OK that computers will someday be our all-powerful overlords. Take, for instance, my email.
Cursive script East Asia In imperial Chinaclerks used an abbreviated, highly cursive form of Chinese characters to record court proceedings and criminal confessions. These records were used to create more formal transcripts.
One cornerstone of imperial court proceedings was that all confessions had to be acknowledged by the accused's signature, personal seal, or thumbprint, requiring fast writing. In Timothy Bright published his Characterie; An Arte of Shorte, Swifte and Secrete Writing by Character which introduced a system with arbitrary symbols each representing one word.
Shelton's system became very popular and is well known because it was used by Samuel Pepys for his diary and for many of his official papers, such as his letter copy books. It was also used by Sir Isaac Newton in some of his notebooks. Each consonant was represented by an arbitrary but simple symbol, while the five vowels were represented by the relative positions of the surrounding consonants.
Thus the symbol for B with symbol for T drawn directly above it represented "bat", while B with T below it meant "but"; top-right represented "e", middle-right "i", and lower-right "o".
A vowel at the end of a word was represented by a dot in the appropriate position, while there were additional symbols for initial vowels.
This basic system was supplemented by further symbols representing common prefixes and suffixes. One drawback of Shelton's system was that there was no way to distinguish long and short vowels or diphthongs; so the b-a-t sequence could mean "bat", or "bait", or "bate", while b-o-t might mean "boot", or "bought", or "boat".
The reader needed to use the context to work out which alternative was meant. The main advantage of the system was that it was easy to learn and to use. It was popular, and under the two titles of Short Writing and Tachygraphy, Shelton's book ran to more than 20 editions between and Shelton's chief rivals were Theophilus Metcalfe 's Stenography or Short Writing which was in its "55th edition" byand Jeremiah Rich 's system ofwhich was published under various titles including The penns dexterity compleated Another notable English shorthand system creator of the 17th century was William Mason fl.
Tombstone of Heinrich Rollerinventor of a German shorthand system, with a sample of his shorthand Modern-looking geometric shorthand was introduced with John Byrom 's New Universal Shorthand of Samuel Taylor published a similar system inthe first English shorthand system to be used all over the English-speaking world.
Thomas Gurney published Brachygraphy in the midth century. Gabelsberger based his shorthand on the shapes used in German cursive handwriting rather than on the geometrical shapes that were common in the English stenographic tradition.
Taylor's system was superseded by Pitman shorthandfirst introduced in by English teacher Sir Isaac Pitmanand improved many times since. Pitman's system has been used all over the English-speaking world and has been adapted to many other languages, including Latin.
Pitman's system uses a phonemic orthography. For this reason, it is sometimes known as phonography, meaning "sound writing" in Greek. One of the reasons this system allows fast transcription is that vowel sounds are optional when only consonants are needed to determine a word. The availability of a full range of vowel symbols, however, makes complete accuracy possible.
Isaac's brother Benn Pitman, who lived in CincinnatiOhiowas responsible for introducing the method to America. The record for fast writing with Pitman shorthand is wpm during a two-minute test by Nathan Behrin in The seeker after high speed should devote himself to obtaining a thorough mastery of the principles of his system of shorthand.
Not until the ability to write shorthand without mental hesitation has been acquired, should speed practice begin. A student observing the note-taking of an experienced stenographer will be struck with admiration at the smoothness of the writing and the perfect regularity of the outlines.
An excellent method of practice for the like facility is in the copying of a selection sentence by sentence until the whole is memorized, and then writing it over and over again. All notes taken at any speed should strictly be compared with the printed matter.
It will then be found that many words are taken for others because of the forms they assume when written under pressure. Most of these can be avoided by careful attention to the writing. Experience alone will authorize any deviation from the text-book forms.
Phrasing should be indulged in sparingly on unfamiliar matter. But on familiar matter the student should always be alert for opportunities of saving both time and effort by employing the principles of intersection, elimination of consonants and the joining of words of frequent occurrence.Jun 28, · Shorthand is a method of speed-writing in which you substitute a symbol for a sound or a letter.
It is a great way to take notes fast, whether you are jotting down your thoughts during a class or making notes during an interview%(82). Shorthand systems go for maximum speed at the expense of readability. Shorthand systems can become readible once you learn to sight read all the outlines or "brief forms," which can number in the thousands, but just learning the basic symbol set won't cut it.
Shorthand, also called stenography, a system for rapid writing that uses symbols or abbreviations for letters, words, or phrases. Among the most popular modern systems are Pitman, Gregg, and Speedwriting.
Besides being known as stenography (close, little, or narrow writing), shorthand is sometimes called tachygraphy (swift writing) and brachygraphy (short writing).
Jun 28, · Shorthand is a method of speed-writing in which you substitute a symbol for a sound or a letter. It is a great way to take notes fast, whether you are jotting down your thoughts during a class or making notes during an interview%(73). Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.
The process of writing in shorthand is called stenography, from the Greek stenos (narrow) and graphein (to write).
Speedwriting is the trademark under which three versions of a shorthand system were marketed during the 20th century. The original version was designed so .