I was chosen for this position in part because I come at the job from a mental health and counseling perspective. When students come to me, we have a discussion about what happened.
When students falter in their studies, they may drop out of school and find themselves on life paths that lead to prison, though it is unclear whether dropping out by itself leads to crime.
But dropping out is not the only issue. Research shows that children and teenagers who are disciplined at school — pulled out of classrooms and even suspended from school altogether — are unusually likely to end up on unfortunate life paths.
That might seem unsurprising. However, African American students are more likely to be disciplined than other students — and the best evidence suggests that school punishments are not always fair.
Many minority young people may be inappropriately disciplined in ways that disengage them from school and push them toward troubled lives.
Who Gets Punished in Schools? Harsh disciplinary practices, including suspension from school, happen surprisingly often in the United States. Two or three of every ten students has been sent out of class to the school office. In the school year, there were overserious disciplinary events in public schools, nearly three-quarters of which were suspensions.
Minority students, especially African Americans, are disciplined more frequently than white children. Studies of school discipline across the years in many places usually find that African Americans are disciplined three times more often than whites.
Why are black school children disciplined more often? Are African-American students, especially boys, simply more rowdy, more likely to get into fights, and less attentive to teachers? While this may be the case, school punishments for African American students often seem to be excessive: Social factors such as class and intelligence predict anti-social behaviors of many kinds — but those factors do not account for racial disparities in school punishments.
African-American children do not engage in more serious forms of misbehavior. In fact, research by Russell Skiba and his colleagues shows that African-American boys are referred to the school office more often than children from other groups for minor acts such as littering or making too much noise.
Inappropriate behavior does not bring the same punishments for children of different racial backgrounds. What we have found is clear and troubling.
In sum, minority students are disciplined more often than their behavior would lead us to expect — and this happens even to very young children in elementary school. Although scholars do not fully understand why, unjustified racial gaps in school discipline have persisted.
Why Unfair Discipline Matters The more engaged and active students are in school, the better they do overall. And the better children do in school, the less likely they are to find themselves in trouble with the law later in life. School punishments particularly unfair ones can push lives in the opposite direction.
If minority students are, for example, unfairly suspended or expelled from school, they will likely perform worse at schoolwork — which, in turn, puts many on the path to dropping out, delinquency, run-ins with the police, and even imprisonment.
Discipline that seems arbitrary and not equitable can cause students to lose respect for schools and their rules. When children feel alienated as early as elementary school, they can turn away from learning and set off toward lives of failure and difficulty.
What Can be Done? There is no magic wand, but solid evidence suggests several steps that schools can take. These rules do not make schools safer and can trap some children unfairly, especially minorities.
Train teachers to avoid misunderstandings. Researchers believe that inappropriate punishments sometimes happen when white teachers misunderstand what minority children are saying or mistakenly see threats in culturally different styles of play.
Help students build skills to handle conflicts. An ounce of prevention can substitute for a pound of punishment. Schools can help youngsters learn problem-solving skills to reduce the conflicts that trigger harsh punishments. Most importantly, we need to fully recognize the unfortunate consequences of inequitable school punishments.
Racial conflicts — and gaps in life prospects for adolescents and young adults of different races — may be partly rooted in harsh and arbitrary school discipline. A society that aspires to equal opportunity for all cannot ignore this issue.Bad behavior doesn't end when your child graduates from diapers -- or even from middle school.
In fact, the teen years can bring some of the toughest discipline challenges parents have to face. I understand students' annoyance with the harsh disciplinary rules of school.
I am well aware that each works very hard, and you are ambitious students. And yes, sometimes we are late, or not prepared due to unforeseen circumstances. Let me try to explain the reasons why .
Balancing appropriate discipline with school safety, classroom effectiveness, and positive outcomes for students is a daunting task for teachers and administrators everywhere.
Many schools continue to rely on exclusionary discipline, removing students from the classroom through suspension or. welfare systems represent a critical context for understanding their school.
Responding to Students Affected by Trauma 43 Such behavioral difficulties may result in harsh disciplinary practices, involvement of the justice system, or school dropout—particularly Responding to Students .
MANAGING SCHOOL DISCIPLINE: THE STUDENTS' AND TEACHERS' PERCEPTION ON DISCIPLINARY STRATEGIES Amoah, Samuel Asare, PhD rules and to encourage them to take more responsibility for their own behaviour and also employ cooperative disciplinary measures as compared to punitive and harsh disciplinary measures could be used to inspire children.
The policies and practices include harsh school discipline policies that overuse suspension and expulsion, “zero-tolerance” policies that criminalize minor infractions of school rules, increased policing and surveillance in schools that create prison-like environments in schools, and overreliance on exclusionary disciplinary referrals to.